Insect or bug bites can be very irritating, but most of them are not harmful and do not cause much of a reaction, in both adults or children. Of course, if you go camping on a dark, rainy night, you will see many different bugs flying around the night sky. If you do not wear some type of bug repellant, you will most likely get bit by them, but you will not need to guess the insect type.
Big Bite on Baby
It has been reported that only 3% of adults will have a fatal reaction to an insect sting or bite. Large portions of the skin will show local cutaneous reactions, but they do not pose any health risks. A systemic reaction in children is a bit higher at 5-10%, but this is a very low percentage (CDC).
Swelling From Bug Bite
The first sign that you were stung by a bee or mosquito will be pain. Of course, within the first few seconds the affected area will become reddened, followed by edema. this is nothing to worry about, because it is only your immune system doing its job.
- Once the immune cells detect a pathogen in your body, a phagocyte will eat it, while part of the pathogen will rise to the surface of the phagocyte.
- The phagocyte will alert the helper T cell, by carrying it back to the nearest lymph node to be filtered out of the body.
- Antibodies are triggers, which will kill the invader
- Second line of defense – The B cell will patiently wait to find an antigen that matches its receptors and until the T cell activates it
- Once the B cell is activated, it will divide and produce plasma and memory cells
- The plasma cells will produce antibodies, which attach to the pathogen
- Eater cells will eat the pathogens that have been marked with the antibodies
- The memory cells will collect this information, just in case this same pathogen intrudes your body again.
Most insect bites cause only mild skin reactions, but occasionally a more severe reaction will occur, which can be life threatening, if not treated immediately
Identifying Bug Bites
It can be very difficult to identify a bug bite, unless you see the insect, when it bites you. While most physicians are familiar with different bug bites, they to may have difficulty making a genuine determination. Some tips that may help you out include:
- 1-2 tiny bit marks or holes may be linked to a spider bite
- Get on your computer and try to make comparisons of insect bit images
Commons signs of a bug bite includes pain, redness, itching, and edema at the local site and sometimes beyond.
Allergic Reaction to Bug Bite
Some children will have a severe allergic reaction to an insect bit. It has been estimated that nearly 40 individuals will die from anaphylactic shock related to insect bites. Most of these are linked to bee or wasp stings, but red and black ants are also known to cause serious allergic reactions in humans.
Anaphylaxis symptoms will appear suddenly and cause a life threatening reaction, which dyspnea (difficult breathing), dysphagia (difficult swallowing), vomiting, severe abdominal pain, anxiety, hypotensive (low blood pressure), restlessness, facial edema and flushness, confusion, vertigo (dizziness) cough, generalized rash, and slurred speech.
If this is left untreated, the victim can become unresponsive. You should call 911, before it gets to this point.
How to Treat Bug Bite
Localized redness, edema, and itching due to bug bites can be treated with antihistamine creams.
- Apply cold compressions or washcloth (ice can be used, but should not be applied directly to the skin and may not be safe in infants)
- Over the counter analgesic (Tylenol)
- NSAID (Advil)
- Remove the stinger, by scraping it away from the skin, but avoid pinching the venom sac
- Oral antihistamine
- Calamine lotion
- Corticosteroid cream
When you know that your infant or child is going to be outdoors, you should consult with your pediatrician to request a bug bite treatment that will be safe. If the edema and pain does not go away after 72 hours, you should follow up with your pediatrician, because this may be a sure sign of infection.
Always carry your treatment for big bite with you, when you are camping or picnicking, because it is better to be safe than sorry.
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